TURKISH BULLETIN OF HYGIENE AND EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (THDBD) EDITORIAL POLICY
1) The Turkish Journal of Hygiene and Experimental Biology, is a publication of the Refik Saydam National Public Health Agency. The Journal is published every other three months and one volume consist of four numbers.
2) The journal publishes microbiology, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, parasitology, entomology, biochemistry, food safety, environmental health, public health, epidemiology, pathology, pathophysiology, molecular biology and genetics in the field of original research, case reports, reviews, and letters to the editor. Articles are published in Turkish and English.
3) Articles which are not previously published in another journal or are not currently under evaluation elsewhere can be published in the journal.
4) Articles approved by the Scientific Committee and Editorial Board are eligible to be released when received at least two positive opinions from the Scientific Committee members. Those committees have the authority to make all corrections and abbreviations but not to change the content of the article.
5) The authors have the all the scientific and legal responsibilities of the articles.
6) The authors should obey the ethics of research and publication.
7) The copyright of the article published in the Bulletin of Experimental Hygiene belongs to the Journal. Copyright fee is not paid to the authors.
WRITING RULES OF TURKISH BULLETIN OF HYGIENE AND EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY
Articles should be prepared according to the writing rules of the Turkish Bulletin of Hygiene and Experimental Biology. Submissions can be made online at the address www.turkhijyen.org through the "Online Manuscript Submission, Track, Evaluation Program".
Manuscripts are sought according to the following rules:
1 - The "Copyright transfer form" (Copyright Release Form) should be sent to the Journal and signed by all authors. This form can be downloaded from www.turkhijyen.org
2 - The title page should consist of the article title, English title, short title, author name(s), names of the institutions and the departments of the authors, full address, telephone numbers (fixed and mobile) and mail address of the correspondence author:
a) The title should be short and in capital.
b) The short title should not exceed 40 characters.
c) Occupational titles can be stated without the use of academic titles.
d) If the article is written by multiple authors and the authors working in the same Department, than according to their institutional orders, numbers should be given after their surname (e.g., Duman1, Yżlmaz2, Çetin1, …..).
e) Studies supported by a fund or organisation must be mentioned in a footnote or in the acknowledgements.
f) Articles presented in a conference / symposia must be mentioned with the type of presentation in footnotes or in the acknowledgements.
3 - Terms used in articles should be in Turkish and Latin as much as possible, according to the latest dictionary of the “Turkish Language Institution”. Importance should be given to use pure Turkish language and as many as Turkish references.
4 - Latin names of microorganisms used for the first time in the text have to be written in full. If these names are used later, they should be abbreviated in accordance to international rules. The original Latin names of microorganisms should be written in Italic: for example, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P. aeruginosa. Genus names like staphylococcus and streptococcus that had settled into our language can be written in Turkish. Names of antibiotics should be written as they are read in terms of language integrity. Names of antibiotics should be abbreviated in accordance with international standards.
5 - Symbols of the units mentioned in the text should be given according to "The Système International (SI).
6 – Articles should be written in one of the “past perfect, present perfect and past ” tenses and in the passive mode.
7- The Turkish Journal of Hygiene and Experimental Biology expects the authors to comply with the ethics of research and publication. In human research, a statement of the informed consent of those who participated in the study is needed in the section of the "Materials and method. In case of procedures that will apply to volunteers or patients, it should be stated that the study objects have been informed and given their approval before the study started. In case the authors do not have a local ethics committee, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki (www.wma.net/e/policy/pdf/17c.pdf) should have been followed. Authors, who do not have a local ethics committee, should declare that they have followed
the internationally accepted guidelines, the "Pharmaceutical Research and Regulation" legislation and other related regulations.
8 – In case animal studies, approval also is needed; it should be stated clearly that the subjects will be prevented as much as possible from pain, suffering and inconvenience.
9 – In case patient photos are used which shows his/her ID, a written informed consent of the patient on the use of the photos must be submitted.
10 - When writing an article the following items should be considered:
a) Research papers should consist of Turkish abstract, English abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and References section. These sections should be written in bold capital letters and aligned left. English articles should have a Turkish abstract and title in Turkish.
Turkish abstracts should be structured and consist of subheadings (Objective, Methods, Results and Conclusion) and at least have 250 words, and should contain no more than 400 words. Short reports should have at least 100 maximum 200 words
English abstract: The title should be in English, and structured like the Turkish abstract (Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion).
Key words should be given under Turkish and English abstract.
The number of keywords should be between 3-8 and the terminology of the Medical Subjects Headings (Index Medicus Medical Subject Headings-MeSH) should be used. These MeSH terms can be found at the following Internet address: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
Introduction: The aim of the study, and references given to similar studies should be presented briefly and should not exceed more than two pages.
Material and Method: The date of the study and institution that performed the study, and materials and methods should be clearly presented. Statistical methods should be clearly stated.
Results: The findings should be stated clearly.
Discussion: In this section, the study findings should be compared with findings of other researchers. Investigators should mention their comments in this section.
Acknowledgements should be placed at the end of the main text and before the references, and should not exceed more than one paragraph.
References: Authors are responsible for supply complete and correct references. References should be numbered according to the order used in the text. Numbers should be given in brackets and placed at the end of the sentence. Examples are given below on the use of references. Detailed information can be found in "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (J Am Med Assoc 1997 277: 927-934) and at http://www.nejm.org/general/text/requirements/1.htm
Periodicals: Author(s) Last Name initial(s) name of author(s) (if there are six or fewer authors, all authors should be written; if the number of authors are seven or more, only the first six of the authors should be written and the rest as "et al"). The title of the article, the abbreviated name of the journal according to the Index Medicus, Year; Volume (Issue): The first and last page numbers.
• Example of standard journal article: Demirci M, Unlu M, Sahin U. A case of hydatid cyst diagnosed by kinyoun staining of lung bronco-alveolar fluid. Türkiye Parazitol Derg, 2001; 25 (3): 234-5.
• Example of an article with authors unknown: Anonymous. Coffee drinking and cancer of the pancreas (Editorial). Br Med J, 1981; 283:628.
• Example of journal supplement: Frumin AM, Nussbaum J, Esposito M. Functional asplenia: Demonstration of splenic activity by bone marrow scan (Abstract). Blood, 1979; 54 (Suppl 1): 26a.
Books: Surname of the author(s) initial name(s) of author(s). The name of the book. The edition number. Place of publication: Publisher, Publication year.
• Example: Eisen HN. Immunology: an Introduction to the Principles of Molecular and Cellular Immune Response. 5th ed. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.
Book chapters: The author(s) surname of the chapter initial(s) letter of the name. Section title. In: Surname of editor(s) initial (s) letter of first name(s) ed / eds. The name of the book. Edition number. Place of publication: Publisher, year of publication: The first and last page numbers of the chapter.
• Example: Weinstein L. Swarts MN. Pathogenic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, eds. Pathologic Physiology: Mechanism of Disease. Phidelphia. WB Saunders, 1974:457-72.
Web address: If a "web" address is used as the reference address, the web address date should be given in brackets with the address. The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) number must be provided, when a web access article used in the text as a reference.
Congress papers: Entrala E, Mascaro C. New structural findings in Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts. Eighth International Congress of Parasitology (ICOPA VIII). October, 10-14, Izmir-Turkey. 1994.
Thesis: Bilhan Ö. Experimental investigation of the hydraulic characteristics of labyrinth weir. Master Thesis, Science Institute of Firat University, 2005.
GenBank / DNA sequence analysis: DNA sequences of genes and heredity numbers should be given as references in the article. For more information, check “National Library of Medicine” and “National Center for Biotechnical Information (NCBI)”.
Figure and Tables: Each table or figure should be printed on a separate sheet, the top and bottom lines and if necessary column lines must be included. Tables should be numbered like "Table 1." and the table title should be written above the top line of the table. Explanatory information should be given in footnotes, not in the title and appropriate icons (*,+,++, etc.) should be used. Photos should be in "jpeg" format and at least 300 dpi. In case the quality of the photos is not good for publication, the originals can be requested.
b) In reviews, it is preferred to have not more than two authors. Author(s) must have done research and published articles previously on this subject; they should discuss their experience and use as reference in the review. Reviews should have Turkish and English titles, abstracts ( at least 250 words, no more 400 words) and key words.
c) Case reports should have a maximum of seven pages of text and the number of references should not exceed 20. Case report should have a Turkish and English title, abstract (minimum 100, maximum 200 words), keyword(s) and also introduction, case description and discussion sections should be given.
d) Letters written to make criticisms, contributions or to give news related to previously published articles will be published in the "Letters to the Editor" section after review and assessment of the Editorial Board. Letters should not exceed one page of text and must be supported with up to five references.
11 – The articles which do not comply with the journal rules are not accepted.
12 - Authors should keep a copy of the article that they submit.
CHECKLIST OF THE ARTICLE FOR AUTHOR(S)
• Copyright transfer form is completed in full and signed by all authors according to the name order.
• Author names are written clearly.
• Affiliated institutions of the all authors are given on the title page by the number stated after the author's name.
• The name, address, phone-fax numbers and mail address of the author responsible for correspondence are given.
• Turkish, English titles and short title are written.
• The number of words in Turkish and English abstracts (between 300-500) is checked.
• Turkish and English keywords (according to MeSH) are given.
• All abbreviations are reviewed and non-standard abbreviations are corrected
• Original Latin names of microorganisms are written in italic.
• Symbols are mentioned according to the units in the Système International (SI).
• The article is written in passive mode and given one of the “past perfect, present perfect or past ” tenses.
• Text is written in12 pt Times New Roman characters and with double line spacing.
• Text is written only on one side of the page and has 2.5 cm space at each side.
• Tables and figures are given on each separate page according to the writing rules.
• Photos are in JPEG format.
• References are given at the end of the sentence in brackets and are listed in order of use in the text.
• References are listed at the end of the article in the order given in the text.
• References are reviewed, and the name of all authors, spelling and punctuation
are controlled according the writing rules.
Furthermore, please check:
• "Ethics Committee Approval" is given.
• Support to a study by a fund or organization is mentioned.
• Congress / Symposium presentations and the type of presentation are stated.
• Acknowledgement is given, if there is.